After water, coffee is the most consumed beverage in the world. For many people, it is a must-have drink to begin the day in a good way. There’s no home without at least one bag of coffee in its pantry, offices without coffee makers, and there are coffee shops practically on every corner.
We are talking about a drink that arrived to revolutionize the world. Ethiopia is the cradle of coffee, but it is known that it has been consumed as a drink since the fifteenth century, when in Yemen the coffee beans were roasted and ground for the first time in a similar way as they are prepared nowadays. It is also believed that in this Arabic country was discovered the energizing effect of the grains of the coffee plant. From Africa, the beans arrived in Arabia and from there they expanded to Europe, America and other regions of Asia.
Currently, the major coffee producing countries share several similarities. All of them are located in the central area of the planet, so they have tropical or dry weather, which is necessary for coffee beans to grow correctly. The type of coffee we drink varies according to the temperature, composition of the soil, sun, rain and other factors that change its flavor.
These are the top coffee producing countries in the world:
According to statistics from the International Coffee Organization, Brazil has been for decades the top coffee producing country in the world. With around 2,600,000 metric tons per year, it concentrates over 30% of the world production.
Colombian coffee is recognized as one of the best worldwide. Its production exceeds the 800,000 metric tons per year and is the country that produces the highest amount of Arabica beans in the world.
Mexico produces mainly high-quality Arabica coffee beans, which are grown in the southern coastal region of the country. Its production surpasses the 250,000 metric tons per year and is the country with the most U.S. coffee imports.
Due to the quick growth of its production, Vietnam has managed to sneak in among the leading coffee producers in the world with 1,650,000 metric tons per year. Although there was a pause in production before and after the Vietnam War, coffee has always been an essential part of the country's economy, with rice being the only greater export.
Coffee is native to Ethiopia and it is the largest exporter in Africa with more than 380,000 metric tons per year. It is estimated that around 15 million Ethiopians work in the production of coffee and that this grain represents almost 30% of the country's annual exports. Ethiopia has been producing Arabica coffee beans for over 1000 years.
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